Стандарт породы

Стандарт породы Керн-терьер FCI  

(FCI Standard, Last updated March 1998)

Характеристика:

Производит впечатление активной, азартной и отважной собаки.

Общее впечатление от внешности:
Живая, проворная рабочая собака, выглядит естественно. Уверенно стоит на передних ногах. Сильные бёдра. Глубокие рёбра, очень свободные движения. Шерсть хорошо защищает от непогоды.

Темперамент:
Бесстрашный, весёлый характер, напористый, но не агрессивный.

Голова:
Голова маленькая, но пропорциональна туловищу. Череп широкий, с заметной ложбинкой между глазами. Переход ото лба к морде чётко выражен. Мощная морда, челюсть сильная, но не слишком длинная или тяжёлая. Мочка носа чёрная. Голова хорошо обросшая.

Глаза:
Широко поставлены, среднего размера, тёмно-карие. Глаза глубоко посажены. С косматыми бровями.

Уши:
Маленькие, остроконечные, держатся уверенно, стоячие, не слишком близко посаженные, не слишком обросшие.

Пасть:
Зубы крупные. Мощная челюсть с идеальным, правильным и полным ножницеобразным прикусом, т.е. верхние зубы плотно перекрывают нижние и расположены равномерно.

Шея:
Хорошо поставленная, не короткая.

Передние конечности:
Косое плечо, ноги средней длины, крепкий, но не тяжёлый костяк. Вывернутые наружу локти не допускаются. Ноги покрыты густой жёсткой шерстью.

Корпус:
Линия верха прямая, спина средней длины. Хорошо закруглённые рёбра, сильная гибкая поясница.

Задние конечности:
Очень сильные мускулистые бёдра. Достаточно, но не чрезмерно выраженный коленный сустав. Короткая плюсна, при осмотре сзади конечности параллельны.

Лапы:
Передние лапы крупнее задних, могут быть слегка вывернуты. Подушечки толстые и мощные. Тонкие, узкие лапы с длинными когтями, а также распущенные лапы считаются недостатком.

Хвост:
Короткий, пропорциональный, хорошо обросший, но без очёсов. Постав не высокий и не низкий, держится весело, но не заворачивается на спину.

Движения:
Очень свободная, плавная походка. Хорошие вымахи передних конечностей. Сильные толчки задних конечностей. Скакательные суставы не выворачиваются и не сближаются.

Шерсть:
Очень важная особенность. Защищает от непогоды. Собака должна иметь «двойную» шерсть с развитым, жёстким, но не грубым покровным волосом и плотно прилегающим, коротким и мягким подшёрстком. Открытая шерсть без подшёрстка считается недостатком. Допускается слегка волнистая шерсть.

Окрас:
Кремовый, пшеничный, рыжий, серый или почти чёрный. Тигровость допускается при всех окрасах. Не допускается сплошной чёрный или белый окрас, а также чёрно-подпалый. Для породы типичны более тёмные участки, например, маска или более тёмные концы ушей.

Размер:
Высота в холке около 28-31 см пропорционально весу, идеальный вес – 6-7,5 кг.

Информация предоставлена Нкп Керн Терьер http://cairnclub.ru/news.htm

Таблица окрасов Керн-терьеров

Метаморфозы

Kennel Club Breed Standard (United Kingdom)

(Breed Standard The Kennel Club UK)

Last updated March 1994

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and
ensures that the breed is fit for function. Absolute soundness is essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be careful to avoid obvious conditions or exaggerations which would be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare
or soundness of this breed. From time to time certain conditions or exaggerations may be considered to have the potential to affect dogs in some breeds adversely, and judges and breeders are requested to refer to the Breed
Watch section of the Kennel Club website here:

http://www.the-kennel-club.org.uk/services/public/breeds/watch  

for details of any such current issues. If a feature or quality is desirable it should only be present in the right measure. However if a dog possesses a feature, characteristic or colour described as undesirable or highly undesirable it is strongly recommended that it should not be rewarded in the show ring. 

General Appearance

Agile, alert, of workmanlike, natural appearance. Standing well forward on forepaws. Strong quarters. Deep in rib, very free in movement. Weather-resistant coat. 

Characteristics

Should impress as being active, game and hardy. 

Temperament

Fearless and gay disposition; assertive but not aggressive. 

Head and Skull

Head small, but in proportion to body. Skull broad; a decided indentation between the eyes with a definite stop. Muzzle powerful, jaw strong but not long or heavy. Nose black . Head well furnished. 

Eyes

Wide apart, medium in size, dark hazel. Slightly sunk with shaggy eyebrows. 

Ears

Small, pointed, well carried and erect, not too closely set nor heavily coated.

Mouth

Large teeth. Jaws strong with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. 

Neck Well set on, not short. 

Forequarters

Sloping shoulders, medium length of leg, good but not too heavy bone. Forelegs never out at elbow. Legs covered with harsh hair. 

Body

Back level, medium length. Well sprung deep ribs; strong supple loin. 

Hindquarters

Very strong muscular thighs. Good, but not excessive, bend of stifle. Hocks well let down inclining neither in nor out when viewed from the rear. 

Feet

Forefeet, larger than hind, may be slightly turned out. Pads thick and strong. Thin, narrow or spreading feet and long nails objectionable. 

Tail
Short, balanced, well furnished with hair but not feathery. Neither high nor low set, carried gaily but not turned down
towards back. 

Gait/Movement

Very free-flowing stride. Forelegs reaching well forward. Hindlegs giving strong propulsion. Hocks neither too close nor too wide. 

Coat
Very important. Weather-resistant. Must be double-coated, with profuse, harsh, but not coarse, outer coat; undercoat short, soft and close. Open coats objectionable. Slight wave permissible. 

Colour

Cream, wheaten, red, grey or nearly black. Brindling in all these colours acceptable. Not solid black, or white, or black and tan. Dark points, such as ears and muzzle, very typical. 

Size

Approximately 28-31 cms (11-12 ins) at withers, but in proportion to weight – ideally 6-7.5 kgs (14-16 lbs). 

Faults

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be
regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work. 

Note

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

 

Cairn Terrier Breed Standard (United States)

Dog breed

General Appearance:

That of an active, game, hardy, small working terrier of the short-legged class; very free in its movements, strongly but not heavily built, standing well forward on its forelegs, deep in the ribs, well coupled with strong hindquarters and presenting a well-proportioned build with a medium length of back, having a hard, weather-resisting coat; head shorter and wider than any other terrier and well furnished with hair, giving a general foxy expression.

Skull:

Broad in proportion to the length with a decided stop and well furnished with hair on the top of the head, which may be somewhat softer than the body coat.

Muzzle:

Strong but not too long or heavy.

Teeth:

Large, mouth neither overshot nor undershot.

Nose:

Black.

Eyes:

Set wide apart, rather sunken, with shaggy eyebrows, medium in size, hazel or dark hazel in color, depending on body color, with a keen terrier expression

Ears:

Small, pointed, well carried erectly, set wide apart on the side of the head. Free from long hairs.

Tail:

Tail in proportion to head, well furnished with hair but not feathery. Carried gaily but must not curl over back. Set on at back level.

Body:

Well muscled, strong, active body with well-sprung, deep ribs, coupled to strong hindquarters, with a level back of medium length, giving an impression of strength and activity without heaviness.

Shoulders, Legs and Feet: A sloping shoulder, medium length of leg, good but not too heavy bone; forelegs should not be out at elbows, and be perfectly straight, but forefeet may be slightly turned out. Forefeet larger than hind feet. Legs must
be covered with hard hair. Pads should be thick and strong and dog should stand well up on its feet.

Coat:

Hard and weather-resistant. Must be double-coated with profuse harsh outer coat and short, soft, close furry undercoat.

Color:

May be of any color except white. Dark ears, muzzle and tail tip are desirable.

Ideal Size:

Involves the weight, the height at the withers and the length of body. Weight for bitches, thirteen pounds; for dogs, fourteen pounds. Height at the withers, bitches nine and a half inches; dogs, ten inches. Length of body from fourteen and a quarter to fifteen inches from the front of the chest to back of hindquarters. The dog must be of balanced proportions and appear neither leggy nor too low to ground; and neither too short nor too long in body. Weight and measurements are for mature dogs at two years of age. Older dogs may weigh slightly in excess and growing dogs may be under these weights and measurements.

Condition:

Dogs should be shown in good hard flesh, well muscled and neither too fat or thin. Should be in full good coat with plenty of head furnishings, be clean, combed, brushed and tidied up on the ears, tail, feet and general outline. Should move freely and easily on a loose lead, should not cringe on being handled, should stand up on their toes and show with marked terrier characteristics.

Faults:

Skull: Too narrow in skull
Muzzle: Too long and heavy a foreface; mouth overshot or undershot.
Eyes: Too large, prominent, yellow and ringed are all objectionable.
Ears: Too large, round at points, set too close together, set too high on the head; heavily covered with hair.
Legs and Feet: Too light or too heavy bone. Crooked forelegs or out at the elbow. Thin ferrety feet; feet let down on the heel or to open and spread. Too high or too low on the leg.
Body: Too short back and compact a body, hampering quickness of movement and turning ability. Too long, weedy and snaky a body, giving an impression of weakness.Tail set too low. Back not level.
Coat: Open coats, lousy coats, too short or dead coats, lack of sufficient undercoat, lack of head furnishings, lack of hard hair on the legs. Silkiness or curliness. A slight wave permissible.
Nose: Flesh or light-colored nose.
Color: White on chest, feet or other parts of body.